In Pakistan, since its independence in 1947, the emphasis has been on irrigated agriculture, while rain fed agriculture remained neglected. With rapid increase in population, the irrigated areas failed to provide sufficient food requirements and it became imperative to find out ways to make use of the huge part of cultivable land in the rained region. In the 1970s, the Government of Pakistan constituted a Barani Commission to review and recommend measures for the development of rained Agriculture and uplift of the poor masses through education, research and development of technology and manpower. Pursuant to the recommendation of the Barani Commission, the Government of Punjab established Barani Agricultural College, Rawalpindi that was later upgraded to the level of university in 1994.